LATEST FROM OUR BLOG

Take your daily dose of (only) relevant news, useful tips and tricks and valuable how to's on using the latest web technologies shaping the digital landscape. We're here to do all the necessary information sifting for you, so you don't have to, to provide you with content that will help you anticipate the emerging trends about to influence the web.

How to Build a Better Website: 8 Best Practices
Here is a list of 8 tips on building a better website in 2016: Keep your design fresh and simple The homepage is the most important part of your website – it’s the first thing a potential customer sees. Make sure your homepage provides visitors with all the information they requiere in order to make a purchase – what you have to offer, who you are and your contact information. Think about the fact that you have less than 10 seconds to make a good impression and what you want to communicate to potential customers. It’s a good idea to keep your homepage clean and easy to read – your overall text should not be longer than 120 words.   Make sure your website is fast Nobody likes to wait for pages to load. If your page fails to load quickly enough you’ll most likely miss out on a potential customer. There’s a direct correlation between website speed and the conversion rate of a website. Apart from that, Google also takes loading time into account – a slower loading website will rank lower than a fast loading website. So, if you want to have a great website you’ll need to consider your speed. Try getting a better host for your website, minimize HTTP requests, use a CDN, minimize CSS, JavaScript and HTML and you’re good to go.   Image optimization is important One of the most important parts of a website is images – these tend to be very large and take a considerable amount of bandwidth, effectively slowing your website. By using a few tools you can make your website faster and also save bandwidth. Image optimization is based on choosing the right size and format, using images only when it is necessary and finding a balance between weight and quality.   Build a mobile friendly website Mobile browsing recently surpassed desktop browsing so it’s extremely important to have a fully functional mobile friendly website. Luckily enough, it’s not hard to modify your website and make it responsive. You can simply use CSS media queries to get the job done.   Using webfonts instead of icons is a great idea Using webfonts instead of icons is extremely easy. All you need to do is download a font or create your own. Once that’s done, you’ll need to upload your files to your webserver and add the downloaded stylesheet to your website – you can increase performance by copying the stylesheet’s content directly into your website’s style.css file. Now, all you need to do is just drop the markup in the html file. If you prefer SVG icons, you can use those as well in the same way.   Search engine marketing & search engine optimization are important SEM and SEO should be your second priority – search engine marketing or search engine optimization campaigns can either make or break a business, thus they are two extremely important concepts especially for small businesses. When in doubt, always seek professional help – it can help you on your road to success.   Content is critical Bad content will just make visitors leave your website. Pay attention to your headlines as these can be the difference between a visitor leaving your website or staying to read the rest of the content. It’s a good idea to write catchy and relevant headlines so that visitors can quickly scan it and decide if it’s worth the read or not – large blocks of text simply will not do. Keeping your content fresh and relevant will make visitors turn into customers quicker.   Get a high quality hosting service You can’t have a high quality website without a high quality server – if you want a fast and reliable website you’ll have to use a better hosting provider. Look for a hosting provider with unlimited bandwidth, 24/7 customer service and dedicated servers. ... Read more
Adrian Ababei / May 06'2016
Web Development Tools Essentials for any Web Developer
Web development can be a real hassle without any help from tools, friends or services. That’s why we’ve set up a list of web development tools that can save you many hours of work. Shrinktheweb Shrinktheweb.com helps web developers take automatic screenshots from the server they’re working on through server-side languages and complete plugin integration. With as little as 10 bucks a month you’ll get custom size captures, full length captures and the private label service which lets you add your own logo as the placeholder – you’ll be able to use the image for marketing purposes. Muffingroup The BeTheme is a Muffin theme that gets your WordPress website up and going in a matter of minutes, thanks to its lightning fast drag and drop builder which offers plenty of possibilities. The theme also offers a layouts generator which can provide you with unlimited layouts for customizable pages – you can pick between different skins, grids, layouts, headers and logos. Muffingroup is one of the best web development tools out there – it offers over 200 shortcodes which you can use for your pages, a custom font uploader and plenty of template pages for help pages, gallery pages, about us pages and features pages.   Simbla, One of the Must-Have Web Development Tools Simbla is a powerful site-building platform with plenty of features. It’s one of the simplest web development tools available on the market today – it features a drag and drop system which can help you build code free websites in just a couple of minutes. Thanks to Bootstrap3, all websites built in Simbla are mobile responsive. Flyzoo.co Flyzoo is another interesting web development tool – you’ll be able to create embeddable group chats which you can use for different pages or layouts. All you have to do is log in to Flyzoo, click on setup, group chats and then get embedding code – you’re ready to go! Just copy the code into your page and adjust its height and width accordingly. Group chats are a great way for web developers to improve user engagement. Iconfinder for web developers Brand icons can be difficult to create but even so, icons are an important aspect of marketing as well as web development. Iconfinder can help you get in touch with a professional icon creator. Fill out a design brief, some specific details, target audience and other data about your brand or website and you’ll soon start receiving price quotes from designers. Themify Themify is another quick web development tool. You’ll start by importing a layout, replacing images and text and that’s it! Themify only works for WordPress though, for other more complex projects you’ll need to use other tools. Pidoco.com for web development Pidoco is an online prototyping tool and a real time saver any web developer. You’ll have over 400 elements in the library to play with and plenty of communication features such as sharing, commenting and so on. With Pidoco just about anyone can participate in critical design decisions by seeing the prototype in action. Optinmonster Optinmonster is an essential lead generation tool which you can use for your projects. Over 275.000 websites use Optinmonster with its built-in analytics, page level targeting, A/B testing, exit intent technology and the drag and drop builder. Building mobile responsive forms takes just a couple of minutes with Optinmonster, making it one of the most useful web development tools. actiTIME ActiTIME is a great time tracking solution for a small web development team. Users are able to track the time spent on various tasks, record business trips and days off. Team leaders can create projects, assign them and keep track of the project’s costs and deadlines. Thesquid.ink Squid Ink is another web development tool worth mentioning – it offers a huge library of over 2000 icons, divided into three types: solid, line and flat. There are many different formats and categories so you’re sure you’ll find the right icons for your web development project.   Bowtie Database driven websites can have security risks and require constant maintenance to boot. Bowtie offers a faster and cleaner solution which includes all the features required to share and publish content with ease. Web developers can also have access to version control through git.   48hourslogo.com One of the most popular web development tools is the 48hourslogo platform – you’ll get a beautiful looking logo for a reasonable price and in just two days. ... Read more
Adrian Ababei / May 04'2016
Why Use a Content Delivery Network? Because It Boosts Conversion: Here’s How...
What is a CDN?   A CDN or Content Delivery Network will make your website load much faster for users from all around the world. The system is simple – instead of having a single host, the CDN allows for multiple hosts all around the world and when a visitor logs in to your website they will see it through the host that’s closest to them. Starbuck’s website loads very fast no matter where you travel – they use CDNs as well.   Web hosting As you all know, each website requires its own web host in order to work properly. After you build your website, the hosting will hold all of your website’s content on a server in a data centre with other servers. These are large warehouses where companies rent servers to keep data on.   Web hosting with content delivery network The content delivery network is like an add on for your web hosting – it doesn’t replace it fully but it enhances its capabilities, effectively making your website faster. When using a CDN, the network will copy your website and store them in different servers around the globe. When a visitor comes to your website, it will now load from different countries such as the USA, Canada, England, Germany, France, etc. It will automatically load from the server that’s physically closest to your visitor.   How can this help load your website faster? All your website’s scripts and images are loading from different servers located in different countries across the globe but how does this speed up your website? Latency! Think that latency is a piece of string – the longer the string the greater the latency and the longer it takes to get to the end of it. The same concept can be applied to physical distances between data centres – the further the visitor is from the server, the further the data needs to travel and this can create delays in loading. If a user visits your website from Germany but the site’s hosting is in Atlanta, your website will still load very fast because of the data centre in Berlin. This reduces latency by a great deal.   Do you need a content delivery network? This question is often redundant as CDNs offer plenty of advantages including:   Better performance One of the first reasons why you should implement a CDN is the better performance – your website will load much faster to users regardless where they are located in the world.   SEO perks Google loves fast loading websites and takes loading speed into its ranking algorithm. With a faster loading website you’ll also get lower bounce rates and increased conversion rates, as well as higher ranking. Your content will also be indexed much faster by Google.   Higher conversion rates A one second delay in page response can result in 7% lower conversion rate – take that into account for a moment. If you increase your website’s speed by just 3 seconds that means your conversion rate will jump 21%! That’s huge!   Content delivery networks are affordable You might think the system is extremely expensive but that’s not the case at all – CDNs are quite cheap and well worth the investment.   Websites using content delivery networks are reliable Technical difficulties can be a real drag but with a CDN those problems are long gone – If one server goes down, the closest server to it will take its place. This ensures a more pleasurable web experience for your visitors.   It’s easy to switch to a CDN CDNs are not complicated to setup – they can be used on just about any platform in just a couple of minutes – Magneto, Joomla, Drupal, Wordpress, etc   Conclusions Content delivery networks are especially valuable to websites or companies with international clients or visitors – with minimal investment costs and fast returns it’s one of the best ways to grow your business.   ... Read more
Adrian Ababei / May 03'2016
How to Choose the Best OS for Web Development: The 4 Major Operating Systems’ Pros and Cons
Over the years we’ve heard plenty of arguments regarding the best OS for web development, hence we’ve came up with a list of advantages and disadvantages of the most popuar operating systems – Windows, Linux and Mac OS.   Features available on all platforms Most developer tools, including IDE’s are available on all platforms Most platforms can run another platform within themselves through a 3rd party app All platforms can use Git Most languages can be used on all platforms   Windows OS Features Most services or products are specifically designed for Windows Some servers use this platform It’s not POSIX Has plenty of security issues Can use Photoshop Very few useful apps are pre-installed Major upgrades are slow – 2-3 in a decade   Mac OS Features Can use Photoshop Too many features are pay-to-use Is POSIX Visually stunning Major upgrades are often – every few years and easily installed Very few servers use this platform Many useful apps are pre-installed Installs programs through the GUI by default   Linux OS Features Many servers use a variation of this platform Is POSIX Offers Photoshop alternatives but no Photoshop Is not user friendly Most apps are free or open source Installs apps and programs through CLI by default Has a few useful applications pre-installed Major upgrades are often, every one or two years   Conclusions: Which Is The Best OS for Web Development After All? All operating systems have some advantages and disadvantages and in the end it’s a good idea to pick the one you feel most comfortable with or the one which benefits you the most. ... Read more
Adrian Ababei / Apr 29'2016
What Are the Top Web Development Tools for Mac OS X that Shouldn’t Miss From Your Toolkit?
Every expert from every field has his or her own tools of the trade and web development is no different – web development tools are one of the most important factors to every project and these tools could mean the difference between finishing your project on time or passing multiple deadlines. Luckily enough, plenty of top web development tools are available for just about every platform. Here is our list of OS X apps which you should include in your web development tools box:   Browsers for web development One of the most important tools for web development is a browser – you’ll need to view your website after you created it right? But it’s not so simple – you will need to test your website for many browser versions, including beta and nightly builds. With that taken into consideration, you’ll most likely need Opera Next, Chromium, Chrome Canary, Firefox Aurora, and Firefox Nightly.   Koala Koala, apart from its cute name, is another nifty web development tool which is used to compile CoffeeScript, Compass, Sass, and LESS into a browser-compliant format. If you’re using any of these techs, Koala is definitely a must.   Anvil for web development Anvil is an interesting free app which allows web developers to create .dev domains. You’ll see it as a new icon in the OS X menu bar and you can turn it on or off, create domains or add your projects to it. If you’re looking for a tiny web development tool to manage or work on your local websites with, Anvil is perfect.   Keka When handling multiple files, you need a reliable compression service to help you along. Most web developers may use ortar, rar or zip but Mac has its own built-in feature to extract and manage these formats – this service is rather limited so you’re better off with Keka. Keka is a free open source OS X app for file compression and extraction. Keka supports zip, rar, ortar, ISO, DMG, Tar, Gzip, 7z and it can extract to PAX, CAB, EXE and RAR formats. Keka allows you to split compressed files into different parts of specified sizes, apply password restrictions or automatically delete source files after extraction or compression.   Web development & Web Sharing Since Apple removed the Web Sharing option from the OS X system preference, you might want to install the Web Sharing plugin. This little plugin will allow you to host local websites under the local host address. Once you install it you’ll be able to see a new panel in System Preferences – here you’ll be able to switch web sharing off or on.   File compression, One of The Very Top Web Development Tools for Mac OS X We talked about Keka before but there are two ways you can use it to compress files. You can either download this small web development tool and install the services contextual menu or you can drag and drop your files directly into the Keka app window.   Sequel Pro MySQL is one of the most popular databases in the world – plenty of websites rely on MySQL for storing and managing databases. If you are using OS X, Sequel Pro is a must-have for web development. It’s a native OS X app built in Cocoa and it also features a nice and friendly GUI. With Sequel Pro you can create, filter databases, import, export, remove, create users and execute MySQL queries.   The iPhone Emulator All web developers need to take mobile users into account when building their websites, hence the need for a web development tool that can be used to test websites for specific platforms. Devs can use physical tablets or phones or they can go for the easier option – a simulator like iPhone Simulator. All you need to do is just install Xcode from the AppStore and you’re done – you have another web development tool in your little toolbox.   Icons8 If you’re looking to use icons, Icons8 is one of the top web development tools that you can use. Just install Icons8 and you’ll be able to search through its over 2800 collections of icons. Once you find something you like, you’ll be able to copy it to Finder, Xcode or Photoshop.   Github and SourceTree Even if you’re building a small website or a presentation website, you’ll need a control version system to track your revisions and changes to the project’s code. Github is the most popular service for version control and you can install it on OS X as well. SourceTree is another mentionable service – both of these services are the backbone of any respectable web development agency.   Poedit Poedit is the best web development tool you can use for translating websites into multiple languages. Not only that but you can translate plugins and Wordpress Themes as well with this little app.   Automator Automator is a web development tool that’s pre-installed with OS X. This little app allows users to automate tasks such as cropping multiple images at once, creating thumbnail images, changing file extensions and renaming files in batch.   Dash Dash collects documentation for a lot of the popular programming languages, including LESS, Sass, jQUery, CSS3 and HTML5. Users can search through code snippets, functions, syntax, and other valuable information. ... Read more
Adrian Ababei / Apr 28'2016
How to Improve the Collaboration Between Designers and Developers: Simple Tips on Preparing Design for Coders
As we all know, programmers and designers don’t have a lot in common in terms of workflow or the software used to complete their tasks. Communication and synergy between programmers and designers can either make or break a project. How can you improve your work with a programmer? Implementing a clear workflow and respecting it is crucial – both parties need to provide feedback as work continues and a clear plan of action needs to be set in place for the current project. Start planning your project Simply shipping your design work over to the programmer may work on very small tasks or smaller projects but for larger, more complex projects it could turn into a disaster. The workflow needs to be accompanied by careful planning. Your average plan should include a schedule estimate and an approximate cost. If you’re building the project for a client, cost estimates are mandatory. Project planning needs to also account for how an optimal collaboration can be reached – the small details count in this phase. Prepare your design for coding Instead of simply handing over your design work along with a few requirements to the programmer and waiting for the results to appear, designers need to also focus on things which will enable the programmers to help them in the long run. Here are a few aspects and tips you need to take into consideration when producing your design: Your key objective is Pixel Perfect – If you want your programmer to implement your design work properly, you need to provide him with exact details – elements such as colours, style, fonts, margins and padding need to be specified exactly before the programmer can begin his portion of work. Keep in mind that by doing this you eliminate the need for future changes or revisions – as a result the overall cost of your project will be reduced. Follow Photoshop Etiquette – Designers should properly name layers and structure their files accordingly. Images need to be aligned and the programmer needs to be provided with plenty of information – it goes a long way in building your project and speeding up your workflow. Keep in touch with the coder – It’s a good idea to maintain contact with the coder on a regular basis and ensure he has all the information he needs to properly do his portion of the project. Developers really appreciate it when you provide your support. Designs for interactions are important – These designs can be a great help to your coder as well. Examples can include the intended use of sliders, button hover states, dropdown menus and others. Research on the technology used – You’ll get a better understanding of what’s feasible from a programming point by keeping up to speed with the latest tech trends. Sometimes designers may ask for features which are simply impossible to implement. Don’t rush, time is plenty Planning ahead, coordinating your work and providing clients with meaningful estimates will save you a lot of time in the long run. Transparency will help all people involved to get a better understanding of the overall project and speed up the workflow. ... Read more
Adrian Ababei / Apr 25'2016
Best Photoshop Plugin for Web Design
Get a Photoshop plugin that will help you perfect your work as a web designer! Here is the list of 10 amazing Photoshop addons: Codly Codly can automatically code your Photoshop mobile-design work, saving you lots of time and effort in development. With Codly you’ll have plenty of room for experimentation and new ideas. Codly’s interface is very intuitive, featuring a simple drag and drop system. This platform can generate code for BlackBerry, Windows 10, Android XML and of course iOS. Random User Generator Random User Generator is a free open source API which generates placeholder user data for forms and other similar structures. Random User Generator’s tagline is „Like Lorem Ipsum, but for people”. Data can include passwords, phone numbers, addresses, birthdays, emails and names. Suitcase Fusion 6 Suitcase Fusion 6 is the perfect Photoshop plugin for Google font lovers. This little add-on will keep your fonts perfectly organized in Photoshop. You can compare fonts and preview them before implementing, which can save you a lot of time. Retinize It Retinize It allows designers to slice and export from certain groups or layers directly as assets. Not only that but this plugin offers designers the option to magnify smart objects or shapes by 200-300%, making it easier to prepare the image for iOS displays and retina. PSD Cleaner PSD Cleaner will organize your PSD files in an instant. Browsing for empty layers or missing names is no longer a drag with this neat little add-on. PSD Cleaner will set you back $19.99 but you can work without any distractions. LayerCraft LayerCraft can help you export individual assets to Photoshop layers. You can export directly to Android or iOS, with options such as trimming, duplicating, removing empty pixels and scaling up to 200% or down to 50%. Photoshop Plugin for Prototyping Usually, after you create a mockup in Adobe Photoshop you need to build it again from scratch for prototyping purposes. The UXPin app solves this issue by allowing complete integration. Just export your PSDs straight into the platform and then simply add interactions to your mockup for feedback purposes. This platform also preserves all your layers for prototyping. Oven Oven is a neat little Photoshop plugin that helps with other plugins – When you want to generate image assets from layers through the use of other plugins for web designers, you’ll need to name them appropriately before export images. Oven speeds up the process by baking your multiple layers properly. You can export in either .png or .jpg for Android or iOS. Oven also features a duplicate option which keeps your original label names intact. Perspective Mockups We all know that Photoshop CS6 offers some stunning presentation documents and deliverables. Perspective Mockups can make your PS files even better – this plugin allows you to stack, tilt, rotate or layer the perspective of the file according to your needs and preferences. GuideGuide This plugin allows designers to create highly customizable guides extremely fast. GuideGuide is a very popular Adobe Photoshop plugin – you can create guides with multiple options based on the selected layers, artboards and canvases. You can create instant guides for already designed selections – secondary options such as duplicating or sharing are also available. ... Read more
Adrian Ababei / Apr 22'2016
App Development – Which language to pick? Ruby’s your best bet!
Picking a programming language for app development can be a real challenge nowadays since there’s an endless choice of software to choose from. Different programming languages have different advantages and disadvantages, especially when it comes to app development, which requires certain specific features. App development specialists can pick from one of the 3-4 more popular programing languages but all these have different approaches to solving problems. As a general rule, you should go with a language that provides good tools for scalability, optimisation and maintainability.   Ruby for App development Ruby is a favourite programming language for app development and web development – It can be used in many different areas such as writing scripts, apps, games, research, prototyping and administration. HP, NASA, Cisco and many other companies use Ruby for their tech needs. Apart from that, Ruby also works on Apache, nginx and there are even web servers written in Ruby. Ruby was first created in 1995 by combining different languages such as Smalltalk, Lisp and Perl into one well balanced highly reliable programming language. One interesting aspect is that the program code is stored in plain text, which can be an asset.   Ruby’s a clean app development programming language Ruby’s praised for its cleanliness and the following of certain principles which make app development easier: There’s no need to repeat code – by simply writing it and putting it in the right place, Ruby spares developers from unnecessary work. Conventions over configuration – with Ruby, there are plenty of methods already written and available for use but in certain cases they can be rewritten to fit a different purpose. This makes writing code much easier and clearer.   Objects With Ruby, everything is focused on the object. This is called object-oriented programming meaning that each piece of code can have its own actions and properties. Here is an example of code in which an action is applied to a number: 10.256.round # we will get a round number 10 In most languages primitive data types such as numbers are not objects – Ruby allows developers to define object variables and methods for all data types which in turn simplifies Ruby’s use since the rules applied to objects can be applied to the entire Ruby.   Ruby is flexible Ruby’s owes much of its popularity due to its flexibility – it allows users to modify, override or delete basic parts as needed. Ruby’s main focus is freedom for the programmer – this is one of the reasons why it’s such a great app development language. Ruby supports only single inheritance and offers the concept of modules where modules are collections of methods. Classes can mix in a module and receive all its methods. Eg: Any class may mix in enumerable module which in turn adds a number of methods that are used to create cycles: class Collection include Enumerable end   Portability Although it was developed on Linux/GNU, Ruby offers high portability – you can work on Windows XP/7, Mac OS X, UNIX and others. Another benefit is that you can work with the jQuery JavaScript framework, MVC, TDD, design demplates and ORM (ActiveRecord).   Community support Community support is one of the most important strengths of Ruby. You can publish your own modules in the open access section of Ruby’s website or ask for help with your project. Thanks to Ruby’s community, thousands of solutions and code bits are available for users just one click away. This is a treasure trove for programmers building app development projects. Other useful things include authentication and authorization systems, test data, share buttons for social networks, e-mail sending systems and many others are waiting to be implemented. If you need to modify it, you can do it with ease and share it with the community.   Conclusions All programming languages have strengths and weaknesses but Ruby is our top favourite due to its ease of use and versatility, especially when app development projects are involved. ... Read more
Adrian Ababei / Apr 18'2016
Choosing the Right Web Hosting Service: 5 Most Important Factors to Consider
Nowadays there are plenty of web hosting companies to choose from, all with different perks and different services available and more importantly, for different budgets. But which one best fits your need? How can you really know? You need to pick a hosting company that fully supports your business needs and doesn’t hinder your way to success. There are many different factors involved such as bandwidth, your overall site speed, customer support and of course price. Here is a breakdown of the major types of hosting and some basic criteria to help you pick the perfect plan for your enterprise. Most hosting plans fall into the following categories:   Individual plans These are the most affordable hosting plans available these days. Most of these plans provide hosting support for only one single domain and limits on data storage, bandwidth and features apply. Individual plans are usually the best choice for webmasters who don’t expect a lot of traffic in their first year of business. Dedicated servers Individual plans are often called „shared hosting plans” because they share space on their hosting servers with different clients. Sometimes your business might outgrow the features and services offered by a limited individual plan – then you’ll need to upgrade to a web hosting plan that offers your very own server. Dedicated server plans obviously cost a little bit more – Hostgator’s dedicated server plans will set you back $139 a month. If you expect you’ll need a dedicated server it’s best to pick a web hosting provider which offers both of these plans and allows transitions between them. Reseller accounts Reseller account plans are somewhere between individual plans and dedicated servers – these plans allow clients to set up multiple individual account plans within a single account. Most reseller account plans will set you back between $10 and $20 a month – these are best suited for companies with multiple smaller sites.   If you already decided on a hosting plan type, you need to consider certain aspects before signing up with a certain hosting provider:   If you already decided on a hosting plan type, you need to consider certain aspects before signing up with a certain hosting provider: Your budget While looking for more reasonable monthly rates you might come across free hosting services – you should avoid using these services as there considerable drawbacks such as unreliability and on site ads. Customer reviews Customer reviews are a great way to evaluate web hosting providers. These days it’s very easy to build a professional looking website full of bold promises so it’s a good idea to search for multiple customer reviews before signing up for a plan. Customer support Your host provider’s customer support team is crucial to building an online enterprise. Things often go wrong and you need to know they’re there for you 24/7. Not having a reliable customer support service can mean loss of income for you and your business so it’s a good idea to look for hosting companies that offer 24/7 email support, chat support and phone support before actually committing to a hosting plan. Bandwidth and storage Most decent hosting plans offer unlimited bandwidth and disk space, so it shouldn’t really be a concern. Although this is standard, you should be wary of any potential limitations your desired account might have. Script support One final thing you need to keep in mind is your hosting company’s support for web scripts. Let’s say you want to build a Word Press website – some web hosts offer built-in script packages that make the installation process a whole lot easier. Also check the number of MySQL databases your host supports – you’ll need more than one if you want to run Word Press and other programs on the same host.   ... Read more
Adrian Ababei / Apr 13'2016